climate in kerala

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Climate in Kerala in december Climate in Thiruvananthapuram in december In the month of december, maximum temperature is 88°F and minimum temperature is 81°F (for an average temperature of 85°F). Kerala, India: Annual Weather Averages March is the hottest month in Kerala with an average temperature of 29°C (84°F) and the coldest is June at 27°C (81°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 9 in February. High humidity and high temperatures are making the weather pleasant at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. The cause of heavy rainfall over Kerala and Lakshadweep is the depression over Maldives-Comorin, which was located 220 kilometres west-southwest of Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala … Here, the Western Ghats form a wall of mountains penetrated near Palakkad; here, a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap breaks through to access inner India. No matter which part of the state you visit during this season, you will always get to witness and enjoy the bountiful beauty of God’s Own Country between the months of June to August! Kerala enjoys three major seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. [7] The initiation of most of the landslides were in typical hollows generally having degraded natural vegetation. Depending on your cravings, you can plan a Kerala tour during different seasons of the year! Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. Climate Stretching over a wide geographical scale and varied topography, India’s climate is diverse. Kerala climate guide Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for India with current travel advice, statistics and online resources. As the season arrives by the mid of March, temperature in the state starts rising and continues till the end of May. The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. Our Tour Experts will customize the plan based upon your requirements & will email the tour quote with 2-3 different hotel options. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. Major lakes of Kerala include: The Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range of 450 km along the eastern side of Kerala. Know about the Climate and Weather of Kerala Kerala the southern state of India experience equable climate all the year round.The state lies very close to the equator but lying close to the sea and the presence of the Western Ghats 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'.47" E and 77°.37'.12" E. Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical, heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon. Kerala – ‘God’s Own Country’ or the ‘Spice Garden of India’; is undoubtedly one of the most stunning tourist destinations in the country! Weather in Kochi, Kerala, India Time/General Weather Weather Today/Tomorrow Hour-by-Hour Forecast 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Time Zone DST … This compares to the all-India average is 1,197 mm. This adversely affects the rural and urban drinking water supply. These scarp faces are characterised by thin soil (regolith) cover modified heavily by anthropogenic activity. Increasing floodplain occupancy results in increasing flood damages. Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons. [4], Kerala is a place of high lightning incidence compared to most of the other parts in India because of its weather patterns and the location of the Western Ghats. There are 44 rivers in Kerala, all but three originating in the Western Ghats. If you are yearning for some of the most memorable, leisure, and fun-frolic moments, winter is the best time to plan a Kerala trip! In summer, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. The rivers of Kerala are small, in terms of length, breadth and water discharge. The State of Kerala experiences seasonal drought conditions every year during the summer months. In the lowest lands, the midlands region hosts paddy fields; meanwhile, elevated lands slopes play host to groves of rubber and fruit trees in addition to other crops such as black pepper, tapioca, and others. During this season, the state witnesses the highest influx of tourists from almost all the corners of the globe. The hilly areas experience cold climate whereas the plains and coastal areas have a warm climate. Winter is truly enjoyable in Kerala and lasts from from November to January or February. Winter season in Kerala witnesses the lowest amount of rainfall. The highlands of Kerala, where the climate is cool throughout the year, winter temperatures often fall below 10°C. The wildest lands are covered with dense forests, while other regions lie under tea and coffee plantations (established mainly in the 19th and 20th centuries) or other forms of cultivation. The water scarcity in summer is mainly reflected in dry rivers and lowering of water table. During the summer, the state is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, cyclone-related torrential downpours, occasional droughts, and rises in sea level. Other factors include wrong landuse practices and mismanagement of the water resources and forests. Owing to the downfall in the mercury level, winters in Kerala proves to be the ideal season to embark on sightseeing tours, visit the hill stations, enjoy the beaches, and have a tryst with the silent backwaters! It converts 50% of Kerala into highlands and is studded with more than 50 peaks above 5000 feet above Mean Sea Level. Climate in Kerala in january Climate in Thiruvananthapuram in january In january, the mean temperature in Thiruvananthapuram is 86°F (maximum temperature is 94°F and minimum temperature is 81°F). In 2015–16 Research in Geography is carried out in a variety of organizations like Department of Geography, University College, National Centre for Earth Sciences Studies, Kannur University etc. Average monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures. The Western Ghats rises on average to 1500 m elevation above sea level. Kerala has a tropical climate, so be prepared for typical humid weather conditions. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. Visiting this piece of paradise along the Malabar Coast offers a mixed of experiences to the visitors seasons throughout the year. Climate and average weather for Cochin (Kerala), India displayed in graphs. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3107 mm – some 7,030 crore m3 of water. Studies conducted in the state indicates that prolonged and intense rainfall or more particularly a combination of the two and the resultant persistence and variations of pore pressure are the most important trigger of landslides. The climate of kerala changes to some extent with the season and thus, it is essential to know the weather of Kerala while choosing the best time to visit Kerala. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'.47" E and 77°.37'.12" E.[2] Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical,[3] heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon. This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:01. Immediately after the tsunami, several organizations have carried out field surveys in many affected areas along the coast.[4]. →  Land transportation network (e.g., roads). If you want to witness and experience why Kerala is fondly called the ‘God’s Own Country’, you must plan your Kerala trip during the monsoons. In Kerala, the climate is moderate the entire year. The Kerala State Action Plan on Climate Change was drafted by the Directorate of Environment and Climate Change (DoECC) with relevant departments, agencies and institutes providing inputs. Lack of awareness also aggravates the situation. With the implementation of a number of irrigation projects, the idea of drought in Kerala slowly shifted to unirrigated paddy, and upland crops. The changes in the land and water management practices affected the fresh water availability during summer months. Average monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures. Kerala has been sweltering since the second week of February 2020, with temperatures 2-3 degrees Celsius ( C) above normal. They are called 'Urul Pottall' in the local vernacular. All the rivers are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them shrink into rivulets or dry up completely during summer. Climate Resilient Kerala Stakeholder recommendations for Kerala SAPCC, 2017 4 3. A review of ancient documents, investigation reports and news paper reports indicates a lesser rate of slope instability in the past; 29 major landslide events that occurred in the recent past was identified through the review. Eastern Kerala consists of land encroached upon by the Western Ghats; the region thus includes high mountains, gorges, and deep-cut valleys. The human interventions contributing to flood problems are predominantly in the form of reclamation of wetlands and water bodies, change in landuse pattern, construction of dense networks of roads, establishment of more and more settlements, deforestation in the upper catchments etc. Find the best time to go to Cochin (Kerala). In Kerala, the climate is moderate the entire year. It is estimated that about 26% of the total geographical area accommodating about 18% of the total population of the State is prone to floods. The comparative water-richness of the coastal belt can be partly gauged by the fact that Kuttanad, with its backwaters canals and rivers, itself comprises more than 20% of India's waterways by length. Wayanad and Kozhikode districts are prone to deep-seated landslides while Idukki and Kottayam are prone to shallow landslides. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Kerala for next month - February. Finally, Kerala's coastal belt is relatively flat, teeming with paddy fields, groves of coconut trees, and heavily crisscrossed by a network of interconnected canals and rivers. As this tsunami is believed to be first of its kind to have significantly affected the Kerala coast, the post-tsunami field investigations and measurements would give valuable information on various changes brought by the tsunami. [5] The highlands of the region experience an annual average rainfall as high as 500 cm from the South-West, North-East and Pre-Monsoon showers. The wettest month is June with an average of 341mm of rain. Kerala lies between northern latitude of 8°.17'.30" N and 12°. The changes in rainfall pattern may have association with the environmental modifications due to human interventions on the natural ecosystems. Geographically Kerala is divided into three distinct climatic regions. Within India, Kerala ranks first among Indian states on the Human Development Index (HDI). Summer begins in March and ends in May, and winter begins around November and remains until February. For all those who are yearning for a Kerala trip, here is a seasonal breakdown of Kerala’s climate: The heart-warming beauty and charm of Kerala gets enchanted with the arrival of the winters! The climate is very warm here in this month. Here, rolling hills and shallow valleys fill a gentler landscape than the highlands. The climate of Kerala is generally a humid equatorial tropical climate. Although the deviation in the annual rainfall received in Kerala, in any year from the long term average is very small, there is considerable variation in the rainfall availability during the different seasons. Scientists blame climate change for this. Two monsoon visit Kerala, bringing plenty of rain. This varying effect along the coast could be attributed to local amplification of tsunami waves in certain regions. [4], The highlands of Kerala experience several types of landslides, of which debris flows are the most common. Kerala’s ecosystem is a closed and fragile one. Monsoon season in Kerala comes twice a year. In Kerala, it looks like climate-change-induced floods are becoming an annual affair. Being located in the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea, God’s Own Country enjoys a wet and maritime tropical climate that makes it for a pleasant and lively experience of the visitors. It is in this season of the year; from June to the month of August, the entire of the state receives the maximum rainfall accompanied by thunderstorms, and turns into a livelier abode! As seen in the majority of drought incidents, even a 20% fall in the northeast monsoon, can make the water scarcity situation worse during the summer. The Western Ghats is also responsible for the high and steady rainfall in Kerala. About 176 people were killed and 1600 injured in the coastal belt. These facilitate inland travel throughout a region roughly bounded by Thiruvananthapuram in the south and Vatakara (which lies some 450 km to the north). Temperatures stay fairly consistent throughout the year, with average maximum highs between 29°C and 33°C and minimum lows ranging between 23°C and 25°C. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from December to April. The climate is very warm in that area in january. [8], Although the Kerala state does not experience floods as severe as in the Indo-Gangetic plains, incidence of floods in the State is becoming more frequent and severe. People’s participation is key to building climate resilience – all mitigation and … Of the fourteen districts, five have much higher rates than others. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round. Kerala's average maximum daily temperature is around 37 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C. The severe impact of the hazard on the state and its people is seen from the very high average casualty rates of 71 deaths, 112 injuries and 188 accidents per annum. Most of the remainder are small and entirely fed by the Monsoons. Continuous occurrence of high intensity rainfall for a few days is the primary factor contributing to the extreme floods in the State. Summer in Kerala is also proves to be an ideal time to escape the city humdrums and enjoy the celestial beauty of the Kerala hill stations. The records show that the months April, May, October and November have the highest lightning rates. A study on the incidence of droughts based on the aridity index shows that during the period 1871– 2000, the State of Kerala experienced 66 drought years, out of which, twelve each were moderate and severe droughts. Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. It is yearlong warm or hot. Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala's terrain. The events have become more destructive given the increasing vulnerability of population and property. For the nature lovers, adventure freaks, leisure seekers, occasional vacationers, and other classes of tourists, monsoons are the best time to plan a Kerala trip. Southwest monsoon, from June to August, is the main rainy season. Since the State has more of perennial plantation crops compared to other places of India, the effect of a drought year in Kerala continues to be felt for several more years after it has occurred. Kerala, with a population of over 3.3 crore, is globally recognised for its impressive achievements in human development. The climate guide for Munnar, Kerala shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Kerala gets rain from two monsoons, the south west and the north east. Realised changes in the climate over Kerala Studying long-term changes and associated extreme hydrological events over a small region like Kerala, a southern peninsular Indian State, is challenging because of the large heterogeneity in the complex terrain bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west and the Western Ghats on the east. There are 34 backwaters in Kerala Lake Vembanad—Kerala's largest body of water —dominates the backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi and is over 200 km2 in area. The increase in population and subsequent expansion in irrigated agriculture, and industrial growth necessitated the exploitation of more water resources. During this period, God’s Own Country also receives trivial rainfall that makes the ambience hot and equally humid for the outsiders. Further, the tsunami pounded 187 villages affecting nearly 250,000 persons in Kerala. In eastern Kerala, a drier tropical wet and dry climate prevails. Kerala (38,863 km2; 1.18% of India's landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. A number of extreme flood events occurred during the last century causing considerable damage to life and property highlight the necessity for proper flood management measures in the State. The characteristic pattern of this phenomenon is the swift and sudden downslope movement of highly water saturated overburden containing a varied assemblage of debris material ranging in size from soil particles to boulders, destroying and carrying with it every thing that is lying in its path. With a height of 8841 feet (2,695 metres), Anamudi is the highest peak in India outside Himalayas.Anamudi is located in Idukki district in Kerala. Kerala's coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. The hilly areas experience cold climate whereas the plains and coastal areas have a warm climate. Starting from September, winters in Kerala lasts till the mid of March. Kerala Climate Kerala has three different climates and is dominated by Am. Climate and average weather for Kovalam (Kerala), India displayed in graphs. 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